The terms used throughout this book should be understood in the sense of the
definitions presented here so as to create a uniform basis for understanding.
- abstraction: the search for general structural features. Upon imaging the
structure of an object, an abstract model of that object is created.
- action: an evolutionary process in which a cybernetic system will set the
criterion with which it adapts the environment to itself. The flow of
information starts to run in reverse.
- adaption: the optimization of the overall system/environment relationship
in the sense of a criterion.
- amplifiers: physical processes which release large amounts of stored
energy triggered or influenced by smaller amounts of energy.
- autonomization: the process of internalization of the criterion in a
cybernetic system. The increasing autonomy and independence from the existential
conditions allows the system to determine its further course of evolution. The
principle will determine that course. The system stabilizes itself and displays
its full character. Autonomization of the criterion = build-up of the system;
autonomization of the principle = uncoupling from the original creative
- consciousness: the advancement and integration of realizations about the
system/environment relationships into the theory of the system.
- construction: an evolutionary process in which the adaption of an object
to its evolutionary criterion is consciously realized by a cybernetic system.
- control mechanism: the sum total of all processes of a system which
- (evolutionary) criterion: the sum total of all requirements a system has
to adapt to. Structure of the environment. Source of information during
- disinformation: information deliberately put out by a system so as to
evoke a reaction in another system which is not suitable to the situation and
therefore harmful to that system. It is an important means in dealing with
- element: the sub-unit of a cybernetic system.
- environment: the sum total of physical reality and cybernetic systems
outside the system examined.
- evolution: the general trend of changes in a physical/cybernetic system.
- evolutionary process: the type of information transport from criterion to
- fight/battle: an evolutionary process in which the optimization of the
overall system takes place via physical and informational contest/conflict of
the sub-systems´ working principles.
- filtering: the selection of elements or systems with specific properties.
If filtering is done by a cybernetic system, then the selective criterion is
already active, it became the selective principle.
- freedom: a gauge for the field of the state space which the system can
- information: structure which is separated from the source, transported,
and memory stored. Also see > Shannon – concept of information.
- intelligence: the ability of a system to actively adapt its own control
structures to changed conditions.
- language: for the purpose of exchanging information with the environment,
a cybernetic system and/or a hierarchy level requires a set of
signals/characters. This set is used to impart communications (intelligence) and
describe coherences. The more general the coherences and/or communications
described are, the more general are the concepts which can be described with
that particular set of signals/characters.
- Laplace´s Demon: an all-embracive demon capable of calculating all world
events in past, present, and future.
- object: the target of the flow of information in evolutionary processes.
- optimization process: the particular type of improvement/enhancement of
the overall system (relating to a requirement, function).
- orientation: an optimization process in which the information is directly
transferred to the object via an active criterion, targeted change.
- principle: working principle: the sum total of all expressions with which
a system confronts its environment. It reflects the criterion which came into
existence under the system. It is the structure of the system, the information
source of all expressions on the part of the system.
- (sample) scanning: the structure of a spatial/temporal field is
superimposed by another energy form, another structure. The inevitable result is
an encryption as no copy of the original field is possible.
- selection: 1) an evolutionary process enabling an object to passively
receive and assimilate information and thus to passively adapt by choosing a
criterion existing externally in the physical system “environment”. It is
capable of self-starting. 2) an optimization process in which the information is
indirectly transferred to the object by choosing random changes.
- self-organization: an evolutionary process in which the object actively
uses information received/assimilated so as to adapt to the passive criterion.
- self-start: the autonomous beginning of an evolutionary process
originating from inanimate matter. It implies that minor system changes can be
selected from a source of information.
- Shannon - information theory: a sender transmits signals to a receiver
via a transmission channel. Shannon examines the information with respect to its
properties in a transmission channel. Its receiver is capable of understanding
the sender´s signals in their entirety; it is able to completely decrypt the
information offered. The redundancy only refers to the excess of information
within a transmission. This view of information does not make any statements as
to the significance of the information transmitted. It does not make any
statements about the state of knowledge of sender and receiver. It does not take
the increase in knowledge on the part of the receiver due to information
received and assimilated into consideration, and thus does not explore and
embrace the nature/character of the information.
- state space: a mathematical space, the number of dimensions of which
corresponds to the number of parameters in which system changes are possible.
System changes are detectable as motions in the state space.
- structure: 1. spatial and temporal extension of physical fields. 2. the
construction of a system in its most general expression.
- system: cybernetic system. A unit consisting of processes handling
information. These processes are bound to a physical basis.
- work: the transformation of various kinds of negentropy by a cybernetic
system. Negentropy will be stored.